One avenue for escaping poverty is to at least make sure the next generation is educated enough to get to college and graduate. Education helps, but inequalities persist in school. A poor smart kid has less of a chance of graduating than an average rich kid. The poor have more hurdles to cross, and fewer resources to use clearing them. The rich have hurdles too, but it is easier to hire tutors, get better housing, spend less time making money to stay in school, are less likely to be called home for family emergencies, and have better connections on campus and with alumni. Education helps, but it is not a panacea.